Vaccination is one of the best ways parents can protect infants, children and teens from 16 potentially harmful diseases. Vaccine-preventable diseases can be very serious, may require hospitalization, or even be deadly—especially in infants and young children.
While many these diseases are not common in the U.S., they persist around the world. It is important to protect children with vaccines because outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases can and do occasionally occur.
To find out which vaccines your children need, check the list below. Some of these vaccines can be given at other ages, especially if an earlier dose was missed, if the person has certain risk factors, or if travel outside the U.S. is planned. Some people also need extra booster doses. Ask your healthcare provider or contact Dakota County Public Health for more information.
- Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (DTaP): Five doses starting at age 2 months.
- Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib): 3–4 doses starting at age 2 months.
- Hepatitis A (HAV): Two doses starting at age 12 months.
- Hepatitis B (HBV): Three doses starting at birth.
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV): Three doses starting at age 11–12 years.
- Influenza ("Flu"): Each year for everyone age 6 months or older.
- Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR): Two doses starting at age 12 months.
- Meningococcal: Two doses starting at age 11–12 years.
- Pneumococcal: Four doses starting at age 2 months.
- Polio: Four doses starting at age 2 months.
- Rotavirus: 2–3 doses starting at age 2 months.
- Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis (Tdap): One dose at age 11–12 years.
- Varicella (“Chickenpox”): Two doses starting at age 12 months.
Vaccinations for Your Family (Spanish)
Minnesota has various laws requiring immunizations for children and teens enrolled in child care, school, and college settings. Legal exemptions are allowed—both for medical reasons and conscientiously held beliefs.
Minnesota Immunizations Registry
Minnesota has a confidential, computerized immunization registry, known as MIIC. MIIC helps your healthcare provider determine which immunizations you and your family need. It can help you get a copy of immunization records for childcare, school, camp, sports and doctor visits. You have the right to opt out of MIIC for yourself or your minor children, but if you do, it is important to keep your own immunization records.
Minnesota Immunization Registry Opt Out Form
Low-cost vaccines for children and adolescents (18 years and younger)
The Dakota County Public Health Department offers many low-cost immunizations for children eligible for the Minnesota Vaccines for Children (MnVFC) Program. A donation of $21 for each vaccination is suggested, but children who qualify for MnVFC will not be turned away if they are unable to pay this donation.
Immunizations are available through walk-in clinics and by appointment. For current information about vaccinations from Public Health, call the Immunization Information Line at 952-891-7999 (English and Spanish).